Spring 3 MVC: Tiles Plugin Tutorial with Example in Eclipse

Welcome to Part 4 for Spring 3.0 MVC Series. In previous article we saw how to create a form using Spring 3 MVC and display it in JSP. Also we learn about annotation @ModelAttribute.

In this part we will discuss about Tiles Framework and its Integration with Spring 3.0 MVC. We will add Tiles support to our HelloWorld Spring application that we created in previous parts. I strongly recommend you to go through previous articles and download the source code of our sample application.

Introduction to Tiles 2

Nowadays, website are generally divided into pieces of reusable template that are being rendered among different web pages. For example a site containing header, footer, menu etc. This items remains same through out the website and give it a common look and feel. It is very difficult to hard code this in each and every webpage and if later a change is needed than all the pages needs to be modified. Hence we use templatization mechanism. We create a common Header, Footer, Menu page and include this in each page.

Tiles Plugin allow both templating and componentization. In fact, both mechanisms are similar: you
define parts of page (a “Tile”) that you assemble to build another part or a full page. A part can
take parameters, allowing dynamic content, and can be seen as a method in JAVA language. Tiles is a templating system used to maintain a consistent look and feel across all the web pages of a web application. It increase the reusability of template and reduce code duplication.

A common layout of website is defined in a central configuration file and this layout can be extended across all the webpages of the web application.

Our Application Layout

Our goal is to add Header, Footer and Menu to our Spring 3 HelloWorld application. Following will be the layout of the same.

tiles-framework-layout

Required JAR files

In order to add Tiles support to our Spring3 application, we will need few jar files. Following is the list of JARs in our example. Add these JARs in WEB-INF/lib folder.
spring-3-tiles-framework-jar
The highlighted jar files in above list are the new jars to be added in project for Tiles integration.

Configuring Tiles framework in Spring MVC

To configure Tiles, an entry for bean TilesConfigure has to be made in spring-servlet.xml. Open the spring-servlet.xml from WEB-INF folder and add following code between <beans> </beans> tag.

File: /WebContent/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml

<bean id="viewResolver"
		class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.UrlBasedViewResolver">
		<property name="viewClass">
			<value>
				org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView
			</value>
		</property>
	</bean>
	<bean id="tilesConfigurer"
		class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer">
		<property name="definitions">
			<list>
				<value>/WEB-INF/tiles.xml</value>
			</list>
		</property>
	</bean>

An input configuration file /WEB-INF/tiles.xml is passed as argument in above bean definition. This file contains the Tiles definition for our web application.

Create a file tiles.xml in WEB-INF folder and copy following code into it.
tiles-xml-spring-mvc

File: WebContent/WEB-INF/tiles.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE tiles-definitions PUBLIC
       "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Tiles Configuration 2.0//EN"
       "http://tiles.apache.org/dtds/tiles-config_2_0.dtd">
<tiles-definitions>
	<definition name="base.definition"
		template="/WEB-INF/jsp/layout.jsp">
		<put-attribute name="title" value="" />
		<put-attribute name="header" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/header.jsp" />
		<put-attribute name="menu" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/menu.jsp" />
		<put-attribute name="body" value="" />
		<put-attribute name="footer" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/footer.jsp" />
	</definition>

	<definition name="contact" extends="base.definition">
		<put-attribute name="title" value="Contact Manager" />
		<put-attribute name="body" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/contact.jsp" />
	</definition>

</tiles-definitions>

Here in tiles.xml we have define a template base.definition. This layout contains attributes such as Header, Title, Body, Menu and Footer. The layout is then extended and new definitions for Contact page. We have override the default layout and changed the content for Body and Title.

Creating View – The JSPs

spring-tiles-jsp-files

We will define the template for our webapplication in a JSP file called layout.jsp. This template will contain different segments of web page (Header, Footer, Menu etc). Create four new JSP files layout.jsp, header.jsp, menu.jsp and footer.jsp and copy following content in each of them.

File: WebContent/WEB-INF/jsp/layout.jsp

<%@ taglib uri="http://tiles.apache.org/tags-tiles" prefix="tiles"%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title><tiles:insertAttribute name="title" ignore="true" /></title>
</head>
<body>
<table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="center">
	<tr>
		<td height="30" colspan="2"><tiles:insertAttribute name="header" />
		</td>
	</tr>
	<tr>
		<td height="250"><tiles:insertAttribute name="menu" /></td>
		<td width="350"><tiles:insertAttribute name="body" /></td>
	</tr>
	<tr>
		<td height="30" colspan="2"><tiles:insertAttribute name="footer" />
		</td>
	</tr>
</table>
</body>
</html>

File: WebContent/WEB-INF/jsp/header.jsp

<h1>Header</h1>

File: WebContent/WEB-INF/jsp/menu.jsp

<p>Menu</p>

File: WebContent/WEB-INF/jsp/footer.jsp

<p>Copyright &copy; ViralPatel.net</p>

That’s All Folks

Compile and Execute the application in Eclipse and see that the header, menu and footer are properly applied.
spring-tiles-demo-screen-contact-manager

Download Source Code

Click here to download Source Code (8.88kb).

Moving On

Today we saw how we can configure Tiles framework with Spring 3 MVC application. We used org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer class in bean definition to define the tiles configuration file. In next part we will discuss about Internationalization/Localization and adding its support in Spring 3 MVC. I hope you liked this article. Feel free to post your queries and comments in comment section.

Get our Articles via Email. Enter your email address.

You may also like...

148 Comments

  1. SE says:

    Thanks Viral! :)

  2. Alex says:

    Thanks for all these tutorials =)

  3. Naveen says:

    Perfect. Went very smooth.

    Thanks Viral.

  4. Sepp says:

    Sorry, doesn’t work for me.

    When I enter http://localhost/layout.html in my browser it gives me a 404. Even when I use the code you provided.
    (configured tomcat to listen on port 80, and not 8080, so the url is correct)

  5. vipin says:

    For me it’s give following exception :

    org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: org.apache.tiles.access.TilesAccess.setContainer(Lorg/apache/tiles/TilesApplicationContext;Lorg/apache/tiles/TilesContainer;Ljava/lang/String;)V

  6. lcondado says:

    Good and simple: twice good.

    Thanks !

  7. jargon says:

    Thanks for sharing your knowledge, great demo

  8. Alex says:

    I think here

    must be

    I’m wrong?

  9. khushhal says:

    hi Viral,

    completed all the things and have all the jars in palce but on starting server, getting below error

    org.springframework.beans.factory.CannotLoadBeanClassException: Cannot find class [org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tile2.TilesConfigurer] for bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]; nested exception is java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tile2.TilesConfigurer
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.resolveBeanClass(AbstractBeanFactory.java:1250)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.predictBeanType(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:576)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.isFactoryBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:1319)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.isFactoryBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:885)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:562)

  10. Falkster says:

    @Sepp

    There is no Handler for “layout.html”. In tiles.xml we just configured how to build the  v i e w  “contact”. So the request is still the same as in the previous article of this Spring series (in my environment it’s “http://localhost:8080/Spring3MVC/” or “…/Spring3MVC/contacts.html”).

  11. joy says:

    Hi Viral and all,

    I am getting following error:

    org.apache.tiles.template.NoSuchAttributeException: Attribute ‘header’ not found.

    I have changed the ContactController to return layout instead of contacts

    @RequestMapping(“/contacts”)
    public ModelAndView showContacts() {

    return new ModelAndView(“contact”, “command”, new Contact());
    }

    If I don’t change it gives me no error but without the template efffects.

    I appreciate your help very much

    Joy

    • Ricardo says:

      im having this same issue – did you manage to solve it?

    • cici says:

      same issue as you, did you resolve it finally?

  12. joy says:

    sorry there was a typo in my previous post. I have changed the Controller like this :

    return new ModelAndView(“layout”, “command”, new Contact());

    Thanks,

  13. joy says:

    Sorry, there was a typo in my previous post. I have changed the Controller to:

    return new ModelAndView(“layout”, “command”, new Contact());

    Thanks

  14. Murali says:

    Howdy,
    I have experienced with the “Dec 15, 2010 11:36:51 AM org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet noHandlerFound
    WARNING: No mapping found for HTTP request with URI [/tdse/contacts.html] in DispatcherServlet with name ‘tdse'”, if I used this tutorial as it is but no luck.
    Appreciate your help.

  15. Harit says:

    Hi,

    When I implemented same thing, while running the application I get the error like,

    java.lang.NullPointerException at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.getXMLReader(Digester.java:1058) at org.apache.commons.digester.Digester.parse(Digester.java:1887) at org.apache.tiles.definition.digester.DigesterDefinitionsReader.read(DigesterDefinitionsReader.java:329) at org.apache.tiles.definition.dao.BaseLocaleUrlDefinitionDAO.loadDefinitionsFromURL(BaseLocaleUrlDefinitionDAO.java:276) at org.apache.tiles.definition.dao.CachingLocaleUrlDefinitionDAO.loadDefinitionsFromURLs(CachingLocaleUrlDefinitionDAO.java:251) at org.apache.tiles.definition.dao.ResolvingLocaleUrlDefinitionDAO.loadDefinitionsFromURLs(ResolvingLocaleUrlDefinitionDAO.java:65) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView.checkResource(TilesView.java:92) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.UrlBasedViewResolver.loadView(UrlBasedViewResolver.java:421) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:549) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:743) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:856) at com.evermind[Oracle Containers for J2EE 10g (10.1.3.4.0) ].server.http.HttpRequestHandler.run(HttpRequestHandler.java:122) at com.evermind[Oracle Containers for J2EE 10g (10.1.3.4.0) ].server.http.HttpRequestHandler.run(HttpRequestHandler.java:111) at oracle.oc4j.network.ServerSocketReadHandler$SafeRunnable.run(ServerSocketReadHandler.java:260) at com.evermind[Oracle Containers for J2EE 10g (10.1.3.4.0) ].util.ReleasableResourcePooledExecutor$MyWorker.run(ReleasableResourcePooledExecutor.java:303) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619)

    I am not able to solve it….if anyone knows what is the possible solution for that please let me know. This is driving me crazy…Any solution or workaround will do…thanks in advance.

  16. pandel says:

    Hi
    When I enter http://localhost:8080/Spring3MVC in my browser it gives me HTTP Status 404 – /Spring3MVC/
    but it works whene i enter http://localhost:8080/Spring3MVC/contacts.html
    plz can u help me ?

    • Viral Patel says:

      @Pandel – you may want to add welcome-page in your web.xml to redirect request automatically to /Spring3MVC/contacts.html when user request for /Spring3MVC/. Add following to your web.xml:

      <welcome-file-list>
              <welcome-file>contacts.html</welcome-file>
          </welcome-file-list>
      
      • curvenut says:

        Hi Viral Patel

        I have the exact same problem as pandel (wrote on 24 December, 2010, 22:39)
        And even if I add the following to web.xml:

        contacts.html

        I still have the save error 404 when I enter the adress in my browser
        http://localhost:9090/Spring3_MVC_ViralPatel/

        Thanks for help

  17. pandel says:

    Thank you but it works except when I replace it with index.jsp
    thank you for this tutorial ;)

  18. oops! says:

    Thank for a really nice tutorial. I did followed the steps mentioned above. But not sure why i am getting this error

    org.apache.tiles.jsp.taglib.NoSuchAttributeExcepti on: Attribute ‘header’ not found.

    I googled around a lot but was not able to find a solution.

    Appreciate your help :)

  19. nitin says:

    I am getting this kind of error please help me where i will get the jar files for tiles in spring 3

    org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org.apache.tiles.startup.TilesInitializer
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.instantiateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:946)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBeanInstance(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:892)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:479)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory

  20. atul says:

    Hi Viral,
    Thanks for the great tutorials…
    I tried the above – with the latest tiles but I am not getting any effects whatever…

    Also while following this tutorial in sequence, I think there is some typo (contact – contact(s) ) – I fixed that but somehow no effect –
    Will check up – and update here…
    — cheerio atul

  21. atul says:

    My mistake – I had not changed the viewResolver entry ;-)
    Things work fine – as expected – moving to the next entry ;-)

    — cheerio atul

  22. Everett Zhou says:

    I have experienced hard time to make it work:

    Here is what changes I have made:
    1. In web.xml file, I added this as Viral suggested. Question, there is no contacts.jsp (with s) file?

    contacts.html

    2. In sping-servlet.xml, I added this in the viewResolver tag:

    /WEB-INF/jsp/

    .jsp

    When I run, I got the error
    The requested resource (/spring3Tile/) is not available. spring3Title is my project name, also servlet name.

    What else I need to do?

    Thanks.

  23. Everett Zhou says:

    Oops, all tags are gone

  24. Christian says:

    Excelente, al principio no funcionaba, pero tenia mal el nombre del archivo tiles-defs.xml n.n

    Saludos

  25. slaw says:

    little error in layout.jsp
    should be

  26. Rajil says:

    Can you also provide tutorial for using Struts2 + Spring3 + Tiles2 together. I tried using your tutorial “http://viralpatel.net/blogs/struts-2-tiles-plugin-tutorial-with-example-in-eclipse/” but it throws me error:

    Unable to load configuration. – action – file:/C:/Tomcat6/webapps/marketing/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:16:60
    at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:69)
    at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:371)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)
    Caused by: Error building results for action welcome in namespace – action – file:/C:/Tomcat6/webapps/marketing/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:16:60
    at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:66)
    … 31 more
    Caused by: There is no result type defined for type ’tiles’ mapped with name ‘success’. Did you mean ’tiles’? – result – file:/C:/Tomcat6/webapps/marketing/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:17:25

    • dylan says:

      Hi,
      I got the same issue, have you found the fix for this yet?

  27. zouhayr says:

    in the file spring-servlet.xml i add the tag that you say to add, but i have already a tag with the same id=”viewResolver”. so i remove the old one & it’s work.
    but i don’t understand how it work without the tags :

    can any one explain me …..

  28. zouhayr says:

    in the file spring-servlet.xml i add the tag that you say to add, but i have already a tag with the same id=”viewResolver”. so i remove the old one & it’s work.
    but i don’t understand how it work without the tags :
    -property name=”prefix” value=”/WEB-INF/jsp/”
    -property name=”suffix” value=”.jsp”
    can any one explain me …..

    • Bolat says:

      Hi Zouhayr, Viral and All,

      I spent a longtime to get this example work, because I amended the previous step’s spring-context.xml configuration file by just changing the implementation class for the viewResolver from “org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView” to “org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView” with attributes for prefix and suffix still remaining. I didn’t realise that these 2 attributes (prefix & suffix) must be removed. Upon, removing them it work, but it took time to realise that when adopting Tiles, the way that normal plain Spring MVC works, changes slightly. That is, in the normal case upon the Controller returning a String name for the View to be called, it will prefix the view name with prefix attribute and append the view name with suffix attribute as defined in the spring-context.xml configuration file to make up the full jsp name, e.g. /WEB-INF/jsp/contact.jsp. However, with Tiles, springframework will match the return String name from the Controller to the definition name as defined by tiles.xml configuation file, and then the Tiles implementation class will look up the matching definition name, e.g. ‘contact’ in that file, and then it looks at the body value to find the fully qualified jsp name, in our example here, it is /WEB-INF/jsp/contact.jsp. Dear Viral, I want to say that your tutorial is excellent, and if you could add my main points here to the tutorial, I’m sure many readers will benefit. Regards, Bolat

      • Robbo says:

        To clarify here, by stating that you are using tiles spring will look in tiles.xml for your views and won’t resolve them automatically to jsps as per the previous tutorial (because those two properties have to be removed).

        So in tiles.xml, add:

  29. leon says:

    where can i download those jars? i am currently using spring tool suite

  30. dwl016 says:

    leon, you can download all jars from maven repository: http://mvnrepository.com

  31. hariom says:

    can u show me one example of spring 3.0 web mvc which use 3 jsp
    1)index
    2)login
    3) registration

    and all this be done using xml..i dont want to use annotation..plz
    i search a lot but not found any help..

  32. cici says:

    I got this error:

    Stacktrace:
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.handleJspException(JspServletWrapper.java:519)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:428)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:313)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:260)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)

    org.apache.tiles.template.NoSuchAttributeException: Attribute ‘header’ not found.
    org.apache.tiles.template.DefaultAttributeResolver.computeAttribute(DefaultAttributeResolver.java:49)
    org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.resolveAttribute(InsertAttributeModel.java:187)
    org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.start(InsertAttributeModel.java:107)
    org.apache.tiles.jsp.taglib.InsertAttributeTag.doTag(InsertAttributeTag.java:306)
    org.apache.jsp.layout_jsp._jspx_meth_tiles_005finsertAttribute_005f0(layout_jsp.java:104)
    org.apache.jsp.layout_jsp._jspService(layout_jsp.java:59)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:386)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:313)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:260)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)

  33. Kurosaki says:

    Hey , nice guide , but there are still some questions that remains unclear ,

    * what about the Controler?

    *A control which has a model(“aString,”demo”) and sending us to a template-view , all the jsp in that template share information? all have access to aString?

    *Can/How Menu “talk” to Body for example?

    *You didn’t mention that jspViewResolver is no needed anymore

    Waiitng for you reply , thanks

  34. Kurosaki says:

    I have found another amazing exmaple
    http://krams915.blogspot.com/2010/12/spring-mvc-3-tiles-2-integration.html

  35. Paul says:

    I just tested the example using the latest available jar files.
    1. Do not use commons-digester3-3.0.jar with tiles-…-2.2.2.jar
    You will have an error:
    java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/commons/digester/Rule
    Use instead commons-digester-2.1.jar
    2. The lastest Tomcat version contents jstl.jar under Tomcat/lib/
    So there is no need to add jstl-api-1.2.jar and jstl-impl-1.2.jar

  36. Kamal says:

    Hi,
    In the previous example
    Part 3: Handling Forms in Spring 3.0 MVC :
    in spring-servlet.xml you put :

    Now in spring-servlet.xml you put :

    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView

    My question please is :

    How if I want to use the handling a form inside Tiles ?

    Thanks, your help is appreciated.

  37. Praveen says:

    It’s better to add Jar named “tiles-jsp-2.1.2.jar” also.
    BTW, thanks for this wonderful tutorial. It helped me a lot.

  38. Vaish says:

    Simple and clear… Could the contents be dynamic? Can we make tiles – parameterised?

  39. Antonio Persichini says:

    Hello I got this error!!

    Schwerwiegend: StandardWrapper.Throwable
    org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/commons/digester/Rule
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1420)
    —-

  40. renato says:

    Thanks

  41. Naveen says:

    It doesn’t work for me. I got this exception :-
    SEVERE: StandardWrapper.Throwable
    org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException: Class org.apache.tiles.web.util.ServletContextAdapter not recognized a TilesApplicationContext
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1337)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source)
    Caused by: java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException: Class org.apache.tiles.web.util.ServletContextAdapter not recognized a TilesApplicationContext
    at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:454)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source)

  42. bernis says:

    Hi Viral,
    excellent tuto!!
    may I suggest to complete the project with a source-folder called configuration and write in it
    lod4j.xml :

    this will avoid Warning in the console

  43. Kam says:

    Excellent tutorial. I found various issues with this part of the tutorial, but primarily it was my fault. For others, I will recommend please ensure that you have correct version of tiles*.jar file and tiles-jsp.tld file. I put in the latest versions or incompatible versions and got into lot of issues. Finally, getting the correct versions as specified in tutorial got it right.

  44. contacts.html

  45. Vipul says:

    Very good tutorial. Easy to understand….Thanks :)

  46. Tannu Techi says:

    I have been trying to work it out for sometime now but its not working Jars everything aligned as given in example)

    (error:- Its not able to find contracts.html)

    I will really appreciate your help if you could .send me some working sample.

    Thanks in Advance

  47. fhzh says:

    thank u

  48. Sudhakar says:

    Thanks Buddy.

    Please try to include Socialmedia(facebook,google+) link in every page.

    All friends who visit this site.
    :-) This developer will get fund by Ads.

  49. Rajeev says:

    Got following error. Can someone please post the solution?

    org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/tiles/servlet/context/ServletTilesApplicationContext
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1455)
    at

  50. Ashwini says:

    The tiles n Spring MVC integration has been explained so neatly. I could understand easily.. Thank you!

    • sanjay says:

      Really excellent …
      Hi how to be a excellent java progrmmer,could you please advise me..

      Thanks,
      Sanjay

  51. kavitha says:

    nic explanation

  52. Amit Goley says:

    I want to validate my form using JSR hibernate validator @valid annotation.
    My application is configured with spring mvc 3 and tiles 2.
    But when i submit the form to validate it given the following error

    when submitting the form in createresource.jsp action=”submitCreateResource.do”
    Ideally it should go to “jspCreateResource” tiles definition and show error messages on createresource.jsp (form page)

    But it is giving the following error.

    Please help me to validate this from properly.

    error

    javax.servlet.ServletException: Could not resolve view with name ‘error’ in servlet with name ‘spring’
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet. render(DispatcherServlet.java:1139)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet. doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:927)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet. doService(DispatcherServlet.java:827)

    **spring-servlet.xml**

    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesV iew

    /WEB-INF/tiles.xml

    **tiles.xml**

    —————

    Resourcepojo
    —————
    public class ResourcePojo {

    @NotNull
    @NotEmpty (message = “Employee Id can not be blank.”)
    private int empid;
    @NotNull
    @NotEmpty (message = “First Name can not be blank.”)
    @Size(max = 10 , message=”First name should be between 1 to 50 Characters”)
    private String firstname;
    @NotEmpty (message = “Last Name can not be blank.”)

    **Resourcecontroller.java**

    @Controller
    public class ResourceController {

    @RequestMapping(value = “/createresource”, method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public ModelAndView createResource() {

    Map model = new HashMap();
    model.put(“resource”, new ResourcePojo());

    return new ModelAndView(“jspCreateResource”, model);
    }

    @RequestMapping(value= “/submitCreateResource”,method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public String processForm(@ModelAttribute(value=”resource”) @Valid ResourcePojo resource
    ,BindingResult result,ModelMap model ,HttpSession session){

    System.out.println(“in processForm line 45”);
    if(result.hasErrors()){
    System.out.println(“ERROR”);
    return “jspCreateResource”;
    }
    return null;
    }

    }
    —————————

    **createresource.jsp**
    —————————-

    Insert title here

    Create Resource

    Employee Id

    First Name

    Last Name

    Full Name

    Date of Birth

    Company DOJ

    Project DOJ

  53. Morgan says:

    Where do you get the JAR files from? I would like to get the most updated version of the JAR files available since this tutorial was written almost 2 years ago.

    • raheel says:

      use maven

    • Mariano says:

      Use this website to find the jars.
      http://www.findjar.com/

      Hope it to be useful!

  54. SJ says:

    I am getting this exception “Cannot find a factory to create the request context”
    Did i am missing any jars to include in the classpath

    • Bharatkumar says:

      I faced same problem. I found the error cause was jar version. I got it worked with following maven dependency…

      org.apache.tiles
      tiles-core
      2.2.1

      org.apache.tiles
      tiles-jsp
      2.1.1

      org.apache.tiles
      tiles-servlet
      2.2.2

      Cheers !!
      Nice Example !!!

      • aimanSD says:

        The problem solve with your suggestion tq

  55. Morgan says:

    Where do you download the JAR files you used in this example?

  56. Nikhitha says:

    cannot Deploy TilesMVC
    Pls help. I have done the Tiles tutorial as explained in this blog.But I am getting the following error

    Deployment Error for module: TilesMVC: Error occurred during deployment: Exception while loading the app : java.lang.IllegalStateException: ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: java.io.FileNotFoundException: ServletContext resource [/ /WEB-INF/tiles.xml ] cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist. Please see server.log for more details.

  57. Undread says:

    I dont get the use of this. I rather use jsp:include to include the different parts of the page I need because anyways I am defining the tiles in an xml AND also using the tiles tags to include the appropriate pages on the jsp. With jsp:include I avoid the overhead of the xml file.

  58. Sergio says:

    First of all thanks for the tutorial. I’m having problems with Apache Tiles when I try to run the app:

    java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/slf4j/LoggerFactory
    org.apache.tiles.startup.AbstractTilesInitializer.(AbstractTilesInitializer.java:45)
    org.apache.tiles.startup.BasicTilesInitializer.(BasicTilesInitializer.java:37)

    I have tried using different versions of the slf4j jars, and they are in the build path and in the classpath.
    Can anybody help me?

  59. jAKEER says:

    could you plaese explain ? why you mentioned contacts.html ?forward in index.jsp .

    and how to i get screen ?

  60. indrasri says:

    Hi viral ,

    I hv downloaded the mvc examples .I tried with HelloWord example but when I request the page I dont get the view . I get 404 page not found exception.
    I dont find any exception in the console . but I find the following –

    WARNING: [SetContextPropertiesRule]{Context} Setting property ‘source’ to ‘org.eclipse.jst.jee.server:HelloWorld’ did not find a matching property.
    27 Jul, 2012 5:28:59 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.TaglibUriRule body
    INFO: TLD skipped. URI: http://java.sun.com/jstl/core_rt is already defined
    27 Jul, 2012 5:28:59 PM org.apache.catalina.startup.TaglibUriRule body

    INFO: Loading XML bean definitions from ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/HelloWorld-servlet.xml]
    27 Jul, 2012 5:29:00 PM org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext obtainFreshBeanFactory
    INFO: Bean factory for application context [[email protected]21fb3211]: org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFact[email protected]
    27 Jul, 2012 5:29:00 PM org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory preInstantiateSingletons
    INFO: Pre-instantiating singletons in org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFact[email protected]: defining beans [helloWorldController,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalCommonAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalAutowiredAnnotationProcessor,org.springframework.context.annotation.internalRequiredAnnotationProcessor,defaultHandlerMapping,/hello/hello.jsp,org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver#0]; root of factory hierarchy
    27 Jul, 2012 5:29:00 PM org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet initServletBean
    INFO: FrameworkServlet ‘HelloWorld’: initialization completed in 377 ms

    • SpeedOverload says:

      It is a good exercise to learn the process :) ( process only *.html throu the web-inf file. )

      Say welcome

  61. yellappa says:

    I downloaded the source code. After integrating Spring and Tiles. I am getting the exception, The exception details is given below.

    java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException: Class org.apache.tiles.web.util.ServletContextAdapter not recognized a TilesApplicationContext
    org.apache.tiles.factory.TilesContainerFactory.createContainer(TilesContainerFactory.java:225)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer.createTilesContainer(TilesConfigurer.java:214)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer.afterPropertiesSet(TilesConfigurer.java:201)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1368)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1334)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:476)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory$1.run(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:412)
    java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:383)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:276)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:273)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:175)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:485)
    org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:716)
    org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:377)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:427)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:341)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:307)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:127)
    javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:212)
    org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:102)
    org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:298)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:859)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:588)
    org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:489)
    java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:662)

    Please solve my problem.

    • Giedrius says:

      I had the same problem. I saw that my libs of springframework are 3.0.0 version, so i dowloaded 3.0.1-A as it is in example and it worked just fine. I hope it helps for you.

  62. latha says:

    thanks u example, very good example, but for me getting this error.

    java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/tiles/startup/BasicTilesInitializer
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:620)
    at java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(SecureClassLoader.java:124)
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClassInternal(WebappClassLoader.java:2901)
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1170)
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1678)
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1556)
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClassInternal(ClassLoader.java:319)
    at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors0(Native Method)
    at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:2389)
    at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:1836)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.determineCandidateConstructors(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:228)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.determineConstructorsFromBeanPostProcessors(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:911)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBeanInstance(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:884)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:479)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:450)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:290)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:287)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:189)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:562)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:871)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:423)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:443)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:459)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:340)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:307)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:127)
    at javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:160)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.initServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1266)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1185)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.allocate(StandardWrapper.java:857)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.invoke(ApplicationDispatcher.java:663)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.processRequest(ApplicationDispatcher.java:477)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.doForward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:402)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.forward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:329)
    at org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:745)
    at org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:716)
    at org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:68)
    at org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
    at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:432)
    at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:390)
    at org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:334)
    at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:305)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:225)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:123)
    at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:472)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:168)
    at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:98)
    at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:927)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:118)
    at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:407)
    at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1001)
    at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:579)
    at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:310)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:885)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:907)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619)

  63. Sarvesh Bhatnagar says:

    Hi ,
    I am using tiles 222 with Spring 305 . I defined the following tile configuration in my context.

    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView

    /WEB-INF/views/views.xml

    Then in views.xml I defined following definitions

    BUT THE PROBLEM is that when I return the “home” logical name from my controller , only the main_template.jsp is rendered , not the main_template and home.jsp both. WHAT COULD BE THE POSSIBLE REASON. PLEASE HELP ME OUT

  64. you could download the Tiles from http://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi/tiles/v3.0.1/tiles-3.0.1-bin.zip

  65. franjo says:

    Hey Morgan, try to download the same jar versions as posted here. Doesn’t matter if they are old versions, they will work for this example. I downloaded tiles-2.2.2-bin.zip and the remaining files just got them one by one from Google!.

  66. nicola says:

    Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/commons/digester/Rule

    ……

    • Omar Córdova says:

      About java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/commons/digester/Rule, I got the same error while using any of the commons-digester-3.x.x.jar, I changed it to commons-digester-2.1.jar and worked fine

  67. Pandian says:

    Still it is going to be old contacts.html page. no change and no errors spotted. Can you pls tell me how to check if tiles got loaded properly?

  68. Pandian says:

    I’ve added a log4j.xml to see the debug logs. I could see the following problem. Any ideas?

    INFO TilesConfigurer – TilesConfigurer: adding definitions [/WEB-INF/tiles.xml]
    DEBUG DefaultListableBeanFactory – Invoking afterPropertiesSet() on bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’
    INFO TilesConfigurer – Found JSP 2.1 ExpressionFactory
    INFO AbstractTilesApplicationContextFactory – Initializing Tiles2 application context. . .
    INFO AbstractTilesApplicationContextFactory – Finished initializing Tiles2 application context.
    DEBUG BasicTilesContainerFactory – Not available feature exception during instantiation of class ‘org.apache.tiles.portlet.context.PortletTilesRequestContextFactory’, ignoring problem
    org.apache.tiles.portlet.context.NotAPortletEnvironmentException: Cannot access portlet classes
    at org.apache.tiles.portlet.context.PortletTilesRequestContextFactory.(PortletTilesRequestContextFactory.java:68)
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27)
    at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:513)
    at java.lang.Class.newInstance0(Class.java:355)
    at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:308)
    at org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.registerRequestContextFactory(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:196)
    at org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.getTilesRequestContextFactoriesToBeChained(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:170)
    at org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.registerChainedRequestContextFactories(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:152)
    at org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.createRequestContextFactory(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:139)
    at org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.createContainer(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:98)
    at org.apache.tiles.startup.AbstractTilesInitializer.createContainer(AbstractTilesInitializer.java:124)
    at org.apache.tiles.startup.AbstractTilesInitializer.initialize(AbstractTilesInitializer.java:70)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer.afterPropertiesSet(TilesConfigurer.java:305)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1460)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1400)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:513)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:450)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:290)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:287)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:189)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:562)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:871)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:423)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:443)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:459)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:340)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:307)
    at org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:127)
    at javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:160)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.initServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1228)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.loadServlet(StandardWrapper.java:1147)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapper.load(StandardWrapper.java:1043)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.loadOnStartup(StandardContext.java:4957)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext$3.call(StandardContext.java:5284)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext$3.call(StandardContext.java:5279)
    at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask$Sync.innerRun(FutureTask.java:303)
    at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:138)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:886)
    at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:908)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:662)
    Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/portlet/PortletRequest
    at org.apache.tiles.portlet.context.PortletTilesRequestContextFactory.(PortletTilesRequestContextFactory.java:65)
    … 42 more
    Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javax.portlet.PortletRequest
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1678)
    at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1523)
    … 43 more

  69. Pandian says:

    Again it is my fault, ignore plz

  70. zerazobz says:

    Don’t work with tiles.3.0.1

  71. ansopa says:

    Latha use the tiles-2.2.2-bin.zip version
    With the 3.x version don´t work

  72. Nice,

    Spring doesn’t work with Tiles 3.0 – so you have to download Tiles 2.2.

    That is the cause of the org.apache.tiles.startup.BasicTilesInitializer error.

    Dennis

    • Tushar says:

      Hi Dennis Stevens :)
      Could you please guide me i am getting the following error

      Even after i have added the following Jars from

      commons-beanutils-1.8.0.jar
      commons-digester-2.0.jar
      tiles-api-2.2.2.jar
      tiles-core-2.2.2.jar
      tiles-jsp-2.2.2.jar
      tiles-servlet-2.2.2.jar
      tiles-template-2.2.2.jar
       

      The org/apache/tiles/startup/BasicTilesInitializer file is there in the jar but still shows the following error :(

      SEVERE: StandardWrapper.Throwable
      java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/tiles/startup/BasicTilesInitializer
          at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
          at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClassCond(ClassLoader.java:631)
          at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:615)
          at java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(SecureClassLoader.java:141)
          at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClassInternal(WebappClassLoader.java:2904)
          at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1173)
          at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1681)
          at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1559)
          at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors0(Native Method)
          at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:2389)
          at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:1836)
       
  73. Spring says:

    for NoClassdefnFoundError:org.apache.tiles.startup.BasicTilesInitializer

    Add spring related jars to /WEB-INF/lib directory

  74. Andrea says:

    Where can I find the jars file that I need to use tiles inside my Spring MVC project? I don’t fint it into Spring framework…

  75. Rami says:

    I tried it bu it gives me: Undeployed application at context path /
    I experienced struts2-tiles-plugin-2.1.6.jar and higher versions and nothing has changed

    Please help

  76. Thara says:

    Help me please I get the following error

    type Exception report

    message

    description The server encountered an internal error () that prevented it from fulfilling this request.

    exception

    org.apache.jasper.JasperException: javax.servlet.ServletException: Servlet.init() for servlet spring threw exception
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.handleJspException(JspServletWrapper.java:548)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:456)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:389)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:333)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)

    root cause

    javax.servlet.ServletException: Servlet.init() for servlet spring threw exception
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:745)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:716)
    org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:71)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:433)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:389)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:333)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)

    root cause

    org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is org.apache.tiles.definition.DefinitionsFactoryException: Cannot load definition URLs
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1403)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:513)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:450)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:290)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:287)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:189)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:562)
    org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:871)
    org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:423)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:443)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:459)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:340)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:307)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:127)
    javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:160)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:745)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:716)
    org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:71)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:433)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:389)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:333)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)

    root cause

    org.apache.tiles.definition.DefinitionsFactoryException: Cannot load definition URLs
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer$SpringTilesContainerFactory.getSourceURLs(TilesConfigurer.java:385)
    org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.createLocaleDefinitionDao(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:298)
    org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.createDefinitionsFactory(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:242)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer$SpringTilesContainerFactory.createDefinitionsFactory(TilesConfigurer.java:418)
    org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.createContainer(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:104)
    org.apache.tiles.startup.AbstractTilesInitializer.createContainer(AbstractTilesInitializer.java:124)
    org.apache.tiles.startup.AbstractTilesInitializer.initialize(AbstractTilesInitializer.java:70)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer.afterPropertiesSet(TilesConfigurer.java:305)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1460)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1400)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:513)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:450)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:290)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:287)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:189)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:562)
    org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:871)
    org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:423)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:443)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:459)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:340)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:307)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:127)
    javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:160)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:745)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:716)
    org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:71)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:433)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:389)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:333)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)

    root cause

    java.io.FileNotFoundException: ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/tiles.xml
    ] cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist
    org.springframework.web.context.support.ServletContextResource.getURL(ServletContextResource.java:132)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.SpringTilesApplicationContextFactory$SpringWildcardServletTilesApplicationContext.getResources(SpringTilesApplicationContextFactory.java:105)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer$SpringTilesContainerFactory.getSourceURLs(TilesConfigurer.java:380)
    org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.createLocaleDefinitionDao(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:298)
    org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.createDefinitionsFactory(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:242)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer$SpringTilesContainerFactory.createDefinitionsFactory(TilesConfigurer.java:418)
    org.apache.tiles.factory.BasicTilesContainerFactory.createContainer(BasicTilesContainerFactory.java:104)
    org.apache.tiles.startup.AbstractTilesInitializer.createContainer(AbstractTilesInitializer.java:124)
    org.apache.tiles.startup.AbstractTilesInitializer.initialize(AbstractTilesInitializer.java:70)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesConfigurer.afterPropertiesSet(TilesConfigurer.java:305)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1460)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1400)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:513)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:450)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:290)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:287)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:189)
    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:562)
    org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:871)
    org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:423)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:443)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:459)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:340)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:307)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:127)
    javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:160)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:745)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:716)
    org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:71)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:433)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:389)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:333)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)

    note The full stack trace of the root cause is available in the Apache Tomcat/7.0.19 logs.

  77. navakireeti says:

    this is gud one

  78. Barney says:

    Hi all!

    Thanks for the post. It is works for me very well.

    But How can I display dynamic data in a head/footer? For example I would like to display the user’s unread message number, and some information whick come from the database in the Head tile?

    It is a bad design that assign in every controller this information, because in every controller I must do that, and this is not manageable!

    Is there any way for the ReversePresenter Pattern (Like in GoogleWebToolkit – every view known there own presenter, and can ask data from it)?

    Or how other way can I assign dynamic information in a tile, which always show?

    Thanks
    Barney

    • Viral Patel says:

      Hi Barney, You can create your own custom Spring MVC Interceptor which gets called before each request and in it you can set values to request as you want.

  79. Yusril says:

    Thanks Viral, Your tutorial is very helpfull :D

  80. ravi says:

    The tiles n Spring MVC integration has been explained so neatly. I could understand easily.. Thank you!

  81. phet says:

    Hi every one, i follow the exemple, i have a problem in the file

    /WebContent/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml

    i start from HelloWorldApp so i have oready the tag

    How can i add the tag:

    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView

    help me please

  82. mon says:

    Very nice example

  83. sasindran says:
    type Exception report
    
    message
    
    description The server encountered an internal error () that prevented it from fulfilling this request.
    
    exception
    
    org.apache.jasper.JasperException: org.springframework.web.util.NestedServletException: Request processing failed; nested exception is org.apache.tiles.impl.CannotRenderException: ServletException including path '/WEB-INF/jsp/layout.jsp'.
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.handleJspException(JspServletWrapper.java:522)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:398)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    
    root cause
    
    org.springframework.web.util.NestedServletException: Request processing failed; nested exception is org.apache.tiles.impl.CannotRenderException: ServletException including path '/WEB-INF/jsp/layout.jsp'.
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:932)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:816)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:617)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:801)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:706)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:677)
    	org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:64)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    
    root cause
    
    org.apache.tiles.impl.CannotRenderException: ServletException including path '/WEB-INF/jsp/layout.jsp'.
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:692)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:644)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:627)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:321)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView.renderMergedOutputModel(TilesView.java:124)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:264)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1208)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:992)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:939)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:856)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:920)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:816)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:617)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:801)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:706)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:677)
    	org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:64)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    
    root cause
    
    org.apache.tiles.util.TilesIOException: ServletException including path '/WEB-INF/jsp/layout.jsp'.
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletUtil.wrapServletException(ServletUtil.java:241)
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletTilesRequestContext.forward(ServletTilesRequestContext.java:243)
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletTilesRequestContext.dispatch(ServletTilesRequestContext.java:222)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.TemplateAttributeRenderer.write(TemplateAttributeRenderer.java:44)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:670)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:690)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:644)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:627)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:321)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView.renderMergedOutputModel(TilesView.java:124)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:264)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1208)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:992)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:939)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:856)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:920)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:816)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:617)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:801)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:706)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:677)
    	org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:64)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    
    root cause
    
    org.apache.tiles.util.TilesIOException: JSPException including path '/WEB-INF/jsp/header.jsp'.
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletUtil.wrapServletException(ServletUtil.java:241)
    	org.apache.tiles.jsp.context.JspTilesRequestContext.include(JspTilesRequestContext.java:105)
    	org.apache.tiles.jsp.context.JspTilesRequestContext.dispatch(JspTilesRequestContext.java:96)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.TemplateAttributeRenderer.write(TemplateAttributeRenderer.java:44)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.ChainedDelegateAttributeRenderer.write(ChainedDelegateAttributeRenderer.java:76)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:670)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:336)
    	org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.renderAttribute(InsertAttributeModel.java:210)
    	org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.end(InsertAttributeModel.java:126)
    	org.apache.tiles.jsp.taglib.InsertAttributeTag.doTag(InsertAttributeTag.java:311)
    	org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.layout_jsp._jspx_meth_tiles_005finsertAttribute_005f1(layout_jsp.java:130)
    	org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.layout_jsp._jspService(layout_jsp.java:68)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletTilesRequestContext.forward(ServletTilesRequestContext.java:241)
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletTilesRequestContext.dispatch(ServletTilesRequestContext.java:222)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.TemplateAttributeRenderer.write(TemplateAttributeRenderer.java:44)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:670)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:690)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:644)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:627)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:321)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView.renderMergedOutputModel(TilesView.java:124)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:264)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1208)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:992)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:939)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:856)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:920)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:816)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:617)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:801)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:706)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:677)
    	org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:64)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    
    root cause
    
    javax.servlet.ServletException: javax.servlet.jsp.JspTagException: No message found under code 'label.title' for locale 'en'.
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doHandlePageException(PageContextImpl.java:862)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.handlePageException(PageContextImpl.java:791)
    	org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.header_jsp._jspService(header_jsp.java:71)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.JspRuntimeLibrary.include(JspRuntimeLibrary.java:968)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doInclude(PageContextImpl.java:650)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.include(PageContextImpl.java:644)
    	org.apache.tiles.jsp.context.JspTilesRequestContext.include(JspTilesRequestContext.java:103)
    	org.apache.tiles.jsp.context.JspTilesRequestContext.dispatch(JspTilesRequestContext.java:96)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.TemplateAttributeRenderer.write(TemplateAttributeRenderer.java:44)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.ChainedDelegateAttributeRenderer.write(ChainedDelegateAttributeRenderer.java:76)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:670)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:336)
    	org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.renderAttribute(InsertAttributeModel.java:210)
    	org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.end(InsertAttributeModel.java:126)
    	org.apache.tiles.jsp.taglib.InsertAttributeTag.doTag(InsertAttributeTag.java:311)
    	org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.layout_jsp._jspx_meth_tiles_005finsertAttribute_005f1(layout_jsp.java:130)
    	org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.layout_jsp._jspService(layout_jsp.java:68)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletTilesRequestContext.forward(ServletTilesRequestContext.java:241)
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletTilesRequestContext.dispatch(ServletTilesRequestContext.java:222)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.TemplateAttributeRenderer.write(TemplateAttributeRenderer.java:44)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:670)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:690)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:644)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:627)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:321)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView.renderMergedOutputModel(TilesView.java:124)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:264)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1208)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:992)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:939)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:856)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:920)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:816)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:617)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:801)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:706)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:677)
    	org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:64)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    
    root cause
    
    javax.servlet.jsp.JspTagException: No message found under code 'label.title' for locale 'en'.
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.MessageTag.doStartTagInternal(MessageTag.java:185)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.RequestContextAwareTag.doStartTag(RequestContextAwareTag.java:80)
    	org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.header_jsp._jspx_meth_spring_005fmessage_005f0(header_jsp.java:90)
    	org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.header_jsp._jspService(header_jsp.java:60)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.JspRuntimeLibrary.include(JspRuntimeLibrary.java:968)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doInclude(PageContextImpl.java:650)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.include(PageContextImpl.java:644)
    	org.apache.tiles.jsp.context.JspTilesRequestContext.include(JspTilesRequestContext.java:103)
    	org.apache.tiles.jsp.context.JspTilesRequestContext.dispatch(JspTilesRequestContext.java:96)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.TemplateAttributeRenderer.write(TemplateAttributeRenderer.java:44)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.ChainedDelegateAttributeRenderer.write(ChainedDelegateAttributeRenderer.java:76)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:670)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:336)
    	org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.renderAttribute(InsertAttributeModel.java:210)
    	org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.end(InsertAttributeModel.java:126)
    	org.apache.tiles.jsp.taglib.InsertAttributeTag.doTag(InsertAttributeTag.java:311)
    	org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.layout_jsp._jspx_meth_tiles_005finsertAttribute_005f1(layout_jsp.java:130)
    	org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.layout_jsp._jspService(layout_jsp.java:68)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletTilesRequestContext.forward(ServletTilesRequestContext.java:241)
    	org.apache.tiles.servlet.context.ServletTilesRequestContext.dispatch(ServletTilesRequestContext.java:222)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.TemplateAttributeRenderer.write(TemplateAttributeRenderer.java:44)
    	org.apache.tiles.renderer.impl.AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.render(AbstractBaseAttributeRenderer.java:106)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:670)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:690)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:644)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:627)
    	org.apache.tiles.impl.BasicTilesContainer.render(BasicTilesContainer.java:321)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView.renderMergedOutputModel(TilesView.java:124)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:264)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1208)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:992)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:939)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:856)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:920)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:816)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:617)
    	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:801)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.doForward(PageContextImpl.java:706)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.PageContextImpl.forward(PageContextImpl.java:677)
    	org.apache.jsp.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:64)
    	org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:374)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:342)
    	org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:267)
    	javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:717)
    
  84. Tushar says:

    Hi Viral Patel :)
    Nice example on Spring Tiles :)

    but i am getting the following problem

    Could you please help me :)

    SEVERE: StandardWrapper.Throwable
    java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/tiles/startup/BasicTilesInitializer
    	at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
    	at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClassCond(ClassLoader.java:631)
    	at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:615)
    	at java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(SecureClassLoader.java:141)
    	at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClassInternal(WebappClassLoader.java:2904)
    	at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.findClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1173)
    	at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1681)
    	at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1559)
    	at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors0(Native Method)
    	at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:2389)
    	at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredConstructors(Class.java:1836) 
  85. Juzer Ali says:

    Is it me or is this tutorial missing contact.jsp?

  86. Vadim says:

    For those who are interested in the maven support, you can use these dependencies to load needed jars:

    org.springframework
    spring-webmvc
    3.1.4.RELEASE

    javax.servlet
    jstl
    1.2

    org.apache.tiles
    tiles-jsp
    2.2.2
    jar
    compile

    org.slf4j
    slf4j-log4j12
    1.5.8
    jar
    compile

  87. Kundan Atre says:

    Dear Viral,
    Thanks for the great tutorial as always,
    i have doubt regarding contacts.html file why do we need such file.

  88. Kundan Atre says:

    Sorry please ignore my last post, i figured out :)

  89. vivi says:

    Thanks a lot. I followed this and it worked v.well. However, i do have a problem when trying to use put-list-attribute. The put-list-attributes won’t show up in jsp. I just added the put-list-attribute modifications to your code.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    <!DOCTYPE tiles-definitions PUBLIC
           "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Tiles Configuration 2.0//EN"
           "http://tiles.apache.org/dtds/tiles-config_2_0.dtd">
    <tiles-definitions>
        <definition name="base.definition"
            template="/WEB-INF/jsp/layout.jsp">
            <put-attribute name="title" value="" />
            <put-attribute name="header" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/header.jsp" />
            <put-attribute name="menu" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/menu.jsp" />
            <put-attribute name="body" value="" />
            <put-attribute name="footer" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/footer.jsp" />
             <put-list-attribute name="baseStyles">
                <add-attribute type="string" value="/styles/css/reset.css"/>
                <add-attribute type="string" value="/styles/css/superfish.css"/>
                <add-attribute type="string" value="/styles/css/styles.css"/>
            </put-list-attribute>
        </definition>
     
        <definition name="contact" extends="base.definition">
            <put-attribute name="title" value="Contact Manager" />
            <put-attribute name="body" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/contact.jsp" />
        </definition>
     
    </tiles-definitions>
     

    Modifed layout.jsp

    <%@ taglib uri="http://tiles.apache.org/tags-tiles" prefix="tiles"%>
    <%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix="c" %>
    
    <tiles:useAttribute name="baseStyles" classname="java.util.List" ignore="true" />
    
    <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
    <html>
    <head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
    <title><tiles:insertAttribute name="title" ignore="true" /></title>
    
    <c:forEach var="eachStyle" items="${baseStyles}">
    			<link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="<c:out value='${eachStyle}'/>" />
    </c:forEach>
    
    </head>
    <body>
    <table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" align="center">
        <tr>
            <td height="30" colspan="2"><tiles:insertAttribute name="header" />
            </td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td height="250"><tiles:insertAttribute name="menu" /></td>
            <td width="350"><tiles:insertAttribute name="body" /></td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td height="30" colspan="2"><tiles:insertAttribute name="footer" />
            </td>
        </tr>
    </table>
    </body>
    </html>
    

    I am not able to understand what is wrong here. Why the css do not get populated.

  90. Venkatesh says:

    Great explanation. Thanks a lot.

  91. vijay says:

    dear Viral,

    i setup your sample code in work space but i am getting blank title page only…..
    i did not changed anything in your sample code.

  92. Miguel Avila says:

    Thanks! very simple and Quickly to implement, I’m using NetBeans,Spring 3 and propierties and work without problems. Thank you!

  93. Iqbal says:

    Hi plz suggest .
    Here tiles doesn’t work and I get following message when I deploye it…
    org.apache.jasper.compiler.TldLocationsCache tldScanJar
    INFO: At least one JAR was scanned for TLDs yet contained no TLDs. Enable debug logging for this logger for a complete list of JARs that were scanned where no TLDs were found. Skipping JAR scanning can improve startup time and JSP compilation time.

    Thanks

  94. Ajay Menon says:

    Hi Viral,

    Need your help in Spring MVC, Tiles and GWT, app Engine integration.
    I am getting the following exception because the page contains tiles tags. Can you please let me know if you seen this exception before.

    java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/tiles/autotag/core/runtime/AutotagRuntime
    at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods0(Native Method)
    at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredMethods(Class.java:2427)
    at java.lang.Class.privateGetPublicMethods(Class.java:2547)
    at java.lang.Class.getMethods(Class.java:1410)
    at java.beans.Introspector.getPublicDeclaredMethods(Introspector.java:1284)
    at java.beans.Introspector.getTargetMethodInfo(Introspector.java:1158)
    at java.beans.Introspector.getBeanInfo(Introspector.java:408)

  95. Amine says:

    Hi,

    Thanks for these tutorials.

    I’ve followed all these steps from Part1 to Part4

    The application was ok, everthing working till I started with tiles. I’m getting this error:

    org.apache.jasper.JasperException: javax.servlet.ServletException: Could not resolve view with name ‘add_contact’ in servlet with name ‘spring’

    what can I do?

    Thanks, Amine

  96. Yang GF says:

    I failed this sample at apache-tomcat-6.0.32, but suceeded with apache-tomcat-5.5.36. Anyone who runs in troubles should try this with apache-tomcat-5.5.36.

  97. Achyuth says:

    Everything is fine.. but web.xml is missing.. it is hard for freshers(who are new to spring-tiles) to understand without web.xml… can yu provide it… ??

    thanks in advance.. :)

    • Viral Patel says:

      Hi Achyuth, You can download the source code from the link given at the end of article. You’ll find web.xml in there.

  98. prasad says:

    i want to use tiles and json together. Is it possible to use viewresolvers for json and tiles together

  99. Ranjita says:

    Tiles example is working fine with the given set of jars only.

  100. tareq says:

    Missed to attached tiles.xml code
    tiles.xml:

  101. SantoSh says:

    Hello…I get thiS tutorial but I need to Show the Selected menu highlighted So pleaSe do poSt it and leave a mail alSo….I tried many jquery css n js but it doesnt worked…-_-

    So do Some help

    Thanks & reagards,
    SantoSh Tambe

  102. Bill says:

    This tutorial is in need of significant work. The code supplied via the link works, but trying to follow the instructions as printed does not produce a working example. First, this was built on the hello world example in previous pages. Following these instructions breaks the hello world example, because the instruction to add lines to the spring-servlet.xml does not say to eliminate the bean definition from the hello world example (duplicate view resolver). Once that is fixed, the index.jsp will not successfully invoke hello anymore, so there should be an instruction to eliminate the link to hello world and to add in a link to contract. There is no instructions to add the java files or jsp for contract. Here’s what I had to do in addition to following the supplied instructions to have a working tiles example of hello and contract:
    1. added section to tiles.xml
    2. had to comment out <bean id="viewResolver" section in spring-servlet.xml
    3. added put up contact form section to index.jsp
    4. had to add ContractController.java
    5. had to add Contact.java
    6. had to add contact.jsp

    • Mangesh says:

      Hey,It is working.If not please read below code:

      /WEB-INF/tiles.xml

      and check the docktype in tles.xml and org.apache.tiles.resources(tiles-config) version.
      Still you are not satisfied visit my url:www.hmmbari.blogspot.com

  103. kyochan19792002 says:

    Do not use Tiles API 3.0.3 for this exercise. Use Tiles 2.2.2 instead. In spring-servlet.xml, remove the previous version of viewResolver

  104. tushar metha says:

    example in this tutorial is working absolutely fine. No need to comment bean id viewResolver. Only value of property viewClass to be changed to org.springframework.web.servlet.view.tiles2.TilesView and comment out prefix, suffix properties

  105. Ramja says:

    Can I render a .HTML page in place of .JSP for the body.
    Tiles is not recognizing the .HTML file (says mapping not found). I have tried using a jsp with a jsp:include page=”path to .HTML” to no avail.

    Thanks a lot

  106. Sandeep says:

    Thanks Viraf for publishing the tutorial. Are you planning to publish same tutorial with Title3?

    Cheers

  107. ranjit says:

    Nice tutorial.This is helping me a lot in learning spring.
    Thanks

  108. Sunil Kumar Behera says:

    I tried this example of spring mvc tiles application it is running fine but I have one doubt regarding the “command ” which you have used in showContacts() of the ContactController class what is the use of this? As tried without this “command” it is giving error.

    • Boechi says:

      See the previous tutorial: http://viralpatel.net/blogs/spring-3-mvc-handling-forms/

      In above controller class, note that we have created two methods with Request Mapping /contacts and /addContact. The method showContacts() will be called when user request for a url contacts.html. This method will render a model with name “contact”. Note that in the ModelAndView object we have passed a blank Contact object with name “command”. The spring framework expects an object with name command if you are using in your JSP file.

  109. alex theedom says:

    Short and concise article that explains tiles well. Thanks.

  110. Soumya says:

    Can you release a tutorial with tiles 3 and struts 2?

  111. Swati says:

    Really help me to understand spring MVC with tiles.
    Great help…… :) :) :)

  112. Maria Sebastian says:

    Hi Viral,

    Thanks a lot for the post on Spring & Tiles integration!

    I am a beginner with Spring MVC. I wonder how to configure page views after adding few menu items in the menu. In the post there was nothing in the menu.jsp except a word “Menu”. I hope you could guide me to add few menu items and corresponding controller, model and view configuration.

    Thanks,
    Maria Sebastian

  113. do thang says:

    How can i download extra library?

  114. pratik says:

    while executing codes I got error : org.apache.jasper.JasperException: An exception occurred processing JSP page /WEB-INF/jsp/layout.jsp at line 12

    9:
    10:
    11:
    12:
    13:
    14:
    15:

    org.apache.tiles.template.NoSuchAttributeException: Attribute ‘header’ not found.
    org.apache.tiles.template.DefaultAttributeResolver.computeAttribute(DefaultAttributeResolver.java:49)
    org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.resolveAttribute(InsertAttributeModel.java:187)
    org.apache.tiles.template.InsertAttributeModel.start(InsertAttributeModel.java:107)
    org.apache.tiles.jsp.taglib.InsertAttributeTag.doTag(InsertAttributeTag.java:306)
    org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.layout_jsp._jspx_meth_tiles_005finsertAttribute_005f1(layout_jsp.java:133)
    org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsp.layout_jsp._jspService(layout_jsp.java:69)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:419)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:391)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:334)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceView.renderMergedOutputModel(InternalResourceView.java:209)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:267)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1225)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:1012)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:959)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:876)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:961)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:852)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:621)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:837)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:722)

    please help me for the same

  115. Boechi says:

    Thanks for this tutorial. It worked like a charm. I used Spring 4 and Tiles 3 with maven.

    Question:
    Is there a way to keep the folowing properties in the viewer?

    I almost got it working (it could find everything except the contact [contact.jsp]).
    The Controller was giving the contact view back but this it could not map to the contact.jsp
    When I removed the properties above I needed to add the full path to the jps files.

  116. Yuva Kumar R says:

    Hi Viral,
    Thanks a lot for the post on Spring & Tiles integration!
    I am a beginner with Spring MVC. I wonder how to configure page views after adding few menu items in the menu. In the post there was nothing in the menu.jsp except a word “Menu”. I hope you could guide me to add few menu items and corresponding controller, model and view configuration, with hibernate / db CRUD operations, etc.
    Thanks,
    Yuva

  117. prasad punnam says:

    good one for beginners

  118. quest says:

    Great article. works fine for me. thanks man

  119. sanjay says:

    Hi i am getting below error can any one help ?

    org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/TISS_Dispatcher-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException: Class org.apache.tiles.web.util.ServletContextAdapter not recognized a TilesApplicationContext

    Caused by: java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException: Class org.apache.tiles.web.util.ServletContextAdapter not recognized a TilesApplicationContext

  120. shishir says:

    Why I am getting error for Logger:

    INFO: Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/6.0.36
    log4j:WARN No appenders could be found for logger (org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet).
    log4j:WARN Please initialize the log4j system properly.
    Feb 4, 2015 8:26:42 PM org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationContext log

  121. jon nguyen says:

    Hi , i have problem . i want build system with 3rd . Client -> Controller -> RestAPI . Help me

  122. Pabba says:

    I am getting below error, please suggest, I am just started learning
    org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name ’tilesConfigurer’ defined in ServletContext resource [/WEB-INF/spring-servlet.xml]: Invocation of init method failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: net/sf/retrotranslator/runtime/java/lang/_Boolean
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.initializeBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1420)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:519)

  123. Navaeet says:

    Thanks a lot for this example… its work perfect with spring3.1 or spring4.1 with tiles2.2…but i wonder if i could use both resolver UrlBasedViewResolver, InternalResourceViewResolver because some time we may not use template in some .jsp files .

  124. Sugeet says:

    Please give me a Spring + Hibernate + Maven + Oracle11g + jsp example

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *